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Lighting, Appliances, and Miscellaneous Loads

To fully achieve the energy goals for any building, lighting, appliances, and miscellaneous loads need to be a part of that equation. Lighting and appliances often have a large impact on how happy and productive people in buildings may be over time. As you optimize building design, do not underestimate the importance of these topics for energy improvements.



  1. Remember

    • Define incandescent, compact fluorescent lamps (CFL), light-emitting diode (LED), and lighting power density in the context of building energy systems.
    • Define plug load, miscellaneous loads, smart grid, and parasitic load in the context of building energy systems.

  2. Understand

    • Describe ways to reduce plug load and appliance loads in building systems.
    • Explain the benefits of smart appliances and how they interact with the grid.
    • Summarize the health and energy benefits of enhanced lighting systems.
  3. Apply

    • Calculate the lighting power density for a simple home.
    • Estimate the plug loads for a simple home.

Teaching Materials